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Social Boycott Imposed on Dalits for Refusal to Carry Kumbham

  • Posted by: Dalit Sthree Sakthi (DSS)
  • Date of incident: 16-09-1999
  • Create date: 21-03-2014
  • State:: Andhra Pradesh
  • District:: GUNTUR RURAL
  • Police station:: Veludurti
  • Chargesheet:: F.I.R registered , No Chargesheet
  • Summary::

    When Dalits refused to carry the Kumbham, a ritual pot containing a mixture of rice and buffalo blood, for a 16 September 1999 festival of the caste Hindu village deity, the dominant caste Naidu community imposed a complete social boycott on the Dalit community. Gotipalla village is an agricultural community in which chilli and cotton are the chief crops. 150 high caste Naidu families dominate the village. They, along with about ten other dominant caste families, own two thousand acres of land. Almost all of the eighty Dalit families are landless and employed in agricultural labour or stone quarrying. One Dalit works as a bus conductor. There are five Dalits who studied up to the tenth standard and one who studied up to intermediate class. The president, vice president and village committee – all coming from dominant castes – of Gotipalla village panchayat have consistently denied Dalits any power-sharing opportunity.

     

    On 16 September 1999 the dominant caste community decided to conduct Sattemma Jatara, a festival and buffalo sacrifice to the village deity. This festival had not been performed in recent years. Villagers felt that their neglect of the Jatara had brought on the spate of deaths from dysentery that had recently afflicted their village. For the buffalo sacrifice, the dominant caste organisers of the Jatara asked the Dalit community to ritually axe the animal’s head and then carry the kumbham. The kumbham is the earthenware pot, containing rice mixed with the blood of the sacrificial buffalo that is carried to the village outskirts along with a mud figure of the deity. Local Hindu tradition dictates that only Dalits must perform the ritually “impure” duties of cutting the throat of the buffalo and carrying the kumbham. On this occasion, however, leaders of the Dalit community agreed only to sacrifice the buffalo, but not to carry the kumbham. The dominant caste community was enraged that the Dalits would presume to set their own terms for participation in the festival. As a punishment for the Dalits’ refusal to carry the khumbham, the dominant caste majority imposed a total social boycott upon the Dalits beginning that very day. By the rules of the boycott, all community Dalits were denied employment. The dominant castes also ordered the entire non-Dalit community to refuse Dalits access to hotels, provision stores, medical stores, etc. The Naidus who organised and initiated the boycott announced that anyone who would extend help to the Dalits would be fined Rs. 5000, effectively ensuring the participation of all non-Dalits in the village. The dominant castes even ejected the government dealer from the village. During the course of the social boycott, the dominant castes also attacked and injured Dalits.

     

    Dalits officially named the following dominant caste persons as the primary perpetrators in the attack and imposition of the social boycott:  Polakam Tripurayy, Ada Venkaiah, Pedikella Kotaiah,  Puli Chinna Lingayya, Redbalapalli Anjayya, Challa China Kotiah, Ramasu Ramanjaneyulu , Pedikella Papayya ,  Polakam – Budda Anjaiah ,  Polakam Chandraia . Though the Dalits registered a complaint with the Veludurti Police Circle Inspector (CI) and the VAO soon after the boycott began, the CI and SI did not visit the village until five days later, 21 September. Two days later still, the CI registered the FIR, but based the FIR not on the complaint registered person ally by the Dalits, but on the report of the dominant caste VAO. The CI also did not register the case under the proper laws. Instead of registering the case under the SC/ST Act, he registered the case under section 7(1) of Protection of Civil Rights Act and section 6 of State Animal and Bird Sacrifice Prohibition Act. Unlike the SC/ST Act, the PCRA has weak punitive measures and makes no provision for economic compensation to the victims.

     

    The Madiga Reservation Porata Samiti state and district level leaders visited the village and expressed solidarity with the victims. Dalit Bahujan Front leaders also visited the village and condemned the boycott. Human Rights Organizations SAKSHI and Human Rights Forum visited the village and conducted a fact-finding investigation. But despite the fact that numerous civil rights and Dalit organizations have condemned the boycott, the accused as of 30.9.99 had not yet been arrested and district officials such as the SP and the District Collector had not visited the village.

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Compel a member of a Scheduled Caste to do begar

  • Posted by: Dalit Dasta Virodhi Andolan
  • Date of incident: 15-09-1999
  • Create date: 02-03-2014
  • State:: Punjab
  • District:: FARIDKOT
  • Police station:: Sardar Faridkot
  • Chargesheet:: No F.I.R.
  • Summary:: Kuljit Kaur W/o Davinder Singh, Village- Dhilwan, tehsil- Kotakpura, District- Faridkot has approached to us and narrated her tale of the woe as under That her in laws native village is Village-Bhullar in district-Muktsar. On 1993 one person named Amarjit Singh S/o Malkit Singh from village- Dhilwan, tehsil- Kotakpura, District- Faridkot came to his in laws house and met her father in law Shri Baldev Singh. Amarjit Singh offer them that if they will sold their residential house (Area: 10 Marlas) and cultivable land (Area: 4 Kanal and 8 Marlas) he will help them to buy new house and cultivable land in village- Dhilwan. Kuljit Kaur’s father in law sold his residential house in Rs. 1,50000 (One lack and fifty thousand) and cultivable land in 2,65000 (Two lack and fifty thousand rupees) and gave the money to Amarjit Singh so he could help him to bought a new residential house and cultivable land in village- Dhilwan. Amarjit Singh brings the family to village- Dhilwan and engaged them in his work. In the family Kuljit Kaur’s Father in law Baldev Singh and her husband Davinder Singh were engaged at work as”Siri” and her mother in law Mukhtiar Kaur started to work as a domestic worker in the house of Amarjit Singh and to clean the cow dung. Whenever asked Amarjit Singh that when he will gave them a new house and cultivable land then Amarjit Singh make excuse that they can live in a room his fields after some time he will gave them a new house. In 2001 Kuljit Kaur was married to Davinder Singh and she was also engaged as domestic worker in the house of Amarjit Singh. All the family members have to work day & night. Amarjit Singh was not providing them any weekly rest or over time whenever they demanded their wages the Amarjit Singh gave them a petty amount Rs.1000 (Rupees one thousand) after fifteen days in this way he gives them only Rs.3000 to Rs.4000 during two months. That during the work period Kuljit Kaur’s father in law Baldev Singh was suffered from Cancer and he was in need of treatment. When Kuljit Kaur requested Sukhpal Kaur that they wants money for the treatment of her father in law then Sukhpal Singh force Kuljit Kaur to gave her the gold earrings (ten Gram) which was in her ears that time. When Kuljit Kaur gave her the earrings then Sukhpal gave her Rs.5000 (Rupees five thousand) for her father in law’s treatment. 2009 his father in law was died and in 2011 her mother in law also died due to Asthma disease. Now only Kuljit Kaur, her husband Davinder Singh and their son Ravinder are left behind. The several requests of the family Amarjit Singh gave them 4 Marlas residential house in 2011. In this house there are three rooms, bathroom and kitchen. But after one and half year Amarjit Singh and his wife Sukhpal Kaur started to trouble them to vacate the residential house otherwise they will be punished. On 2012 Sukhpal Kaur came along with her brother’s sons Soni and Babbu to their (Kuljit Kaur) house in their absence and scattered all their households in the courtyard and forcibly took their Gas Cylinder. Kuljit Kaur went to the Chownki- Baja Khana to register a complaint but the police do not take any action against Sukhpal Kaur and her fellows. The family has not any other house to reside they are facing the threatening of Amarjit Singh. Now Sukhpal Kaur has gone to America along with her children only Amarjit Singh is in village- Dhilwan. Amarjit Kaur’s America’s number is 0016613681604. Now Amarjit Singh is not paying the wages of the family as they have work continuously 20 years for Amarjit Singh. But Amarjit Singh has not paid them their earned wages. But to dispossess them Amarjit Singh is harassing them continuously.

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Mass Attack on Dalits & a Dalit Woman Paraded Naked for Fetching Water from Village Bore-well

  • Posted by: Dalit Sthree Sakthi (DSS)
  • Date of incident: 15-09-1999
  • Create date: 21-03-2014
  • State:: Andhra Pradesh
  • District:: ANANTAPUR
  • Police station:: Gorantla
  • Chargesheet:: F.I.R registered , No Chargesheet
  • Summary::

    On 15 September 1999, non-Dalits attacked the Dalit hamlet of Malasamudram. Armed with batons and bamboo sticks, a dominant caste mob attacked the Dalit colony, injuring several Dalits, including women. The attackers forcefully stripped Dalit woman Gangaratnamma of her clothes, beat her publicly, paraded her naked around the village, and then made her run for her life.

     

    On 15 September 1999, Latha, a ten-year old Dalit girl, went to fetch water from a common bore-well in Malasamudram. Meanwhile Kalavathamma, a non-Dalit girl from a powerful and land-owning Backward Caste (Golla), arrived at the same well to fetch water. When Latha did not immediately step out of the way for her, Kalavathamma kicked away Latha’s water vessel, pushed Latha out of the way and abused her by caste name. Latha returned to her house and reported everything that had happened at the bore-well. Latha’s mother Gangamma immediately went to the bore-well and asked Kalavathamma what right she had to push her daughter away. At this, Kalavathamma angrily gathered the people of her caste and informed them that not only had a Dalit girl failed to make way for her at the bore-well, but then the Dalit mother had confronted her on the issue. The dominant caste community promptly announced that Dalits should no longer fetch water from the bore-well. The Dalits felt insulted by the announcement, since the bore-well in question was a common one and the denial of their access to it amounted to an assertion of ‘untouchability’. As a community, the Dalits went to the bore-well to exercise their right to the drinking water resource. Among the Dalits at the gathering was 28-year old Gangaratnamma, who had come to Malasamudram to see her parents.

     

    Angered by the Dalits’ assertion, the non-Dalits assembled and attacked the Dalit colony. They assaulted and severely beat those Dalits whom they could catch. The attackers seized Gangaratnamma and forcefully stripped off her clothes. She escaped, ran to her house and closed the doors. The non-Dalits followed, broke open the doors, dragged naked Gangaratnamma outside and publicl beat her. One of the dominant caste assailants tried to crush her neck with his leg. When she again escaped and ran, the attackers chased her. Dalits Gangaratnamma, Ramanamma (40), and Venkata Swami (27) were severely injured in the course of the attack and were admitted to the hospital at Penugonda. Dalits Alivelamma, Narasimhulu, Venkataswami, Narayanamma, Gangadri, China Doddappa and others, also injured in the attack, were admitted to Gorantla Hospital. Gangaratnamma recognized the miscreants who attacked her. In the complaint she registered with the police, she identified as her assailants Golla Chinnappa, Golla Rangappa, Golla Narayanappa, Golla Kesanna, and Talari Sivappa, all of whom were reputedly well-connected with Telugu Desam Party (TDP) minister Nimmala Krishnappa. The accused were arrested and then released on bail.

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Dalit Bonded Labour

  • Posted by: Dalit Dasta Virodhi Andolan
  • Date of incident: 09-09-1999
  • Create date: 02-03-2014
  • State:: Punjab
  • District:: FEROZEPUR
  • Police station:: Zeera
  • Chargesheet:: No F.I.R.
  • Summary:: Parmjit Singh S/o Sammi resident of village- Manochahal, Sub –Division – Zeera District- Ferozepur. Parmjit Singh a member of Caste “Valmik” which has been declared as a Scheduled Caste by Government of Punjab. Paramjit Singh employed by Bhupinder Singh S/o Hardiyal Singh(Jat Sikh) resident of Village-Sudhara Sub –Division – Zeera District- Ferozepur and took advance from Bhupeinder Singh of Rs. 25000/-. Before that, Parmjit Singh was employed with one Sohan Singh S/o Chanan Singh. Parmjit Singh worked with Sohan Singh for 13 years. Bhupinder Singh paid all the debt which was taken by Paramjit in the course of his employment and took Parmjit Singh for his employment. Parmjit Singh’s wife (Narinder Kaur) also works for Bhupinder Singh to clean his cow sheds. Narinder Kaur doesn’t get any wages for work done by her. Bhupinder Singh fixed paramjit’s salary Rs.10,000/-per annum. Bhupinder Singh takes day & night work from Parmjit Singh and if Paramjeet Singh could not able to come for work, he charges Rs.100/.as fine. The fine is added to his debt advance. Bhupinder Singh charges 5% interest on the debt advance. Bhupinder Singh does not pay him any wages for the work done as over time. Bupinder Singh demands Rs.30,000/ to release paramjit singh. Bhupinder Singh does not allow Parmjit Singh to work somewhere else without repayment of debt advance. Bhupinder Singh had taken his thumb impression on a paper in Malanwala. Volunteers for Social Justice filed a complaint to Deputy Commissioner Ferozepur. Know Paramjit Singh is physically free.

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Compel a member of a dalit to do beggar

  • Posted by: Dalit Dasta Virodhi Andolan
  • Date of incident: 07-09-1999
  • Create date: 02-03-2014
  • State:: Punjab
  • District:: FEROZEPUR
  • Police station:: Ferozepur
  • Chargesheet:: No F.I.R.
  • Summary:: Paramjit Singh Sammi S/o Bahadur Chand Village- Manochahal Sub-division Zeera Distt- Firozepur. He is “Valmiki” which has been declared a scheduled caste. He joined employment of Bhupinder Singh S/o Hardiyal Singh village- Sudhara, Subdivision Zeera Distt- Firozpur by obtaining debt advance amounting Rs.25000/-. Before Bhupinder Singh employer he was employed with one Sohan Singh S/o Chanan Singh. He worked with him for 13 years. Bhupinder Singh paid the debt advance to Sohan Singh and took him to his employment. His wife Ninder Kaur also worked for Bhupinder Singh to clean his cow sheds. She did nt get any wage for the work done by her.The employer agreed to pay him Rs.10000/- as yearly wage. The employer took day & night work from me. When he don’t work the employer fined Rs.100/-. The fine was added to his debt advance. The employer charges 5% interest on the debt advance. The employer demands Rs.30,000/- for his release. The employer does not pay him any wages for the work done by him for over time. The employer has taken his thumb impression on a paper in Malanwala. Employer does not allow him to work somewhere else without repayment of debt advance. The complaint has been sent to DM, Firozpur. Paramjit Singh is physically free from bonded labour.

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